Useful Information 1954-4/2013

Cochran LB, Gard PW, Norsworthy ME. Variations in human G tolerance to positive acceleration. USN SAM/NASA/NM001-059.020.10. Pensacola, 1954.

Schaefer HJ, Sullivan JJ. Radiation monitoring with nuclear emulsions on mission Gemini IV and V. Aerosp Med. 1967; 38(1): 1-5.

NASA Ames Research Center. Life Into Space: Space Life Sciences Experiments, 1965-1990.

Fraser TM. Leisure and recreation in long duration space missions. Hum Factors. 1968;10(5):483-488.

Berry CA. Summary of Medical Experience in the Apollo 7 Through 11 Manned Spaceflights. In: Recent Advances in Aerospace Medicine, Douglas E (ed.), 1970. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-010-3317-6_1.

Johnson RS, Dietlein LF, Berry CA (eds.) Biomedical Results of Apollo (1975). Available online at:

Johnson RS, Dietlein LF (eds.) Biomedical Results of Skylab (1977). Available onling at:

Santy PA. Psychiatric components of a health maintenance facility (HMF) on Space Station. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. 1987; 58: 1219-1224.

Froom P, Cvjon A, Lorem M et al. Aircrew selection: a prospective study. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1988; 59: 165-167.

NASA Ames Research Center. Life Into Space: Space Life Sciences Experiments, 1991-1998. Available online at:

Billica RD, Doarn CR. A Health Maintenance Facililty for Space Station Freedom. Cutis 1991; 48: 315-318.

Johanson DC, Crosby RJ.
Acceleration research - 1951-1990- A 40 year selected bibliography of significant work performed on the Naval Air Development Center (Johnsville) Centrifuge. June, 1992.

Campbell MR, Billica RD, Johnston SL III. Animal surgery in microgravity. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1993; 64: 58-62.

McKenzie I, Gillingham KK. Incidence of Cardiac Dysrhythmias Occurring During Centrifuge Training. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1993; 64: 687-691.

Tietze KJ, Putcha L. Factors affecting drug bioavailability in space. J Clin Pharmacol 1994; 34: 671-76.

NASA. Man-Systems Integration Standards. Revision B, 1995. Available online at:

Cooper HS. The loneliness of the long-duration astronaut. Air and Space Magazine 1996; Jun-Jul 11: 37-45.

NASA and the Russian Academy of Sciences. Humans in Spaceflight, vol III, books 1 and 2. AIAA and Nauka Press, 1996.

Stuster J. Bold Endeavors: Lessons from Polar and Space Expeditions. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996.

Klaus D, Simske S, Todd P, Stodieck L. Investigation of Spaceflight Effects on Escherichia coli and a Proposed Model of Underlying Physical Mechanisms. Microbiology. 1997; 143: 449-455. 

Committee on Space Biology and Medicine, National Research Council. A Strategy for Research in Space Biology and Medicine into the Next Century (1998). 

Putcha L, Berens KL, Marshburn TH. Pharmaceutical use by U.S. astronauts on space shuttle missions. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1999 Jul; 70:705-8.

Radiation and the International Space Station: Recommendations to Reduce Risk Committee on Solar and Space Physics and Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research. National Research Council (2000). 

Review of NASA's Biomedical Research Program. Committee on Space Biology and Medicine, Space Studies Board, National Research Council (2000). 

Committee on Microgravity Research, Space Studies Board, National Research Council. Microgravity Research in Support of Technologies for the Human Exploration and Development of Space and Planetary Bodies (2000).

Aerospace Medical Association Taskforce on Space Travel. Medical Guidelines for Space Passengers. Aviat Space Environ Med 2001; 72: 948-50.

Ball JR, Evans CH (eds.) Committee on Creating a Vision for Space Medicine During Travel Beyond Earth Orbit, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine Safe Passage: Astronaut Care for Exploration Missions. 

O’Rangers EA. Space Medicine: Suggested resources for microgravity life sciences education & research (August 2001). Available online at:

Multilateral Crew Operations Panel. Principles Regarding Processes and Criteria for Selection, Assignment, Training and Certification of ISS (Expedition and Visiting) Crewmembers. November 2001, Revision A. Available online at:

Rayman RB, Antuñano MJ, Garber MA. Medical guidelines for space passengers- II. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2002 Nov; 73:1132-4.

Federal Aviation Administration. Guidance for Medical Screening of Commercial Aerospace Passengers (memorandum). March 31, 2003.

NASA History Programs Office. A Brief History of Animals in Space (August 2, 2004). Available online at:

Hanada R, Hisada T, Tsuijimoto T, Ohashi K. Arrhythmias observed during high-G training: proposed training safety criterion. Aviat Space Environ Med 2004; 75: 688-691.

Smith SM, Swart S, Block G et al. The Nutritional Status of Astronauts is Altered After Long-Term Space Flight Aboard the International Space Station. J Nutrition 2005; 135: 437-443.

Wichman HA. Behavioral and Health Implications of Civilian Spaceflight. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2005 Jun; 76 (6 Suppl):B164-71.

Clement G. Fundamentals of Space Medicine. New York: Springer (2007). ISBN: 1-4020-3246-3.

Federal Aviation Administration. Draft Guidelines for Commercial Suborbital Reusable Launch Vehicle Operations with Flight Crew, Version 1.0. February 11, 2005.

Rafiq A, Broderick TJ, Williams DR, et al. Assessment of simulated surgical skills in parabolic microgravity. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2005 Apr;76:385-91.

Hamilton DR, Murray JD, Kapoor D, Kirkpatrick AW. Cardiac health for astronauts: current selection standards and their limitations. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2005 Jul;76:615-26.

Sides MB, Vernikos J, Convertino VA, et al. Bellagio Report: Cardiovascular risks of spaceflight: implications for the future of space travel. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2005 Sep; 76:877-95.

14 CFR Parts 401, 415 et al. Human Space Flight Requirements for Crew and Space Flight Participants; Proposed Rule. December 29, 2005.

Ad Hoc Committee on the Solar System Radiation Environment and NASA’s Vision for Space Exploration: A Workshop, National Research Council. Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration: Report of a Workshop (2006). 

Mackowski MP. Testing the Limits: Aviation Medicine and the Origins of Manned Spaceflight (Centennial of Flight Series.) College Station: Texas University Press (2006).

Jennings RT, Murphy DM, Ware DL. Medical qualification of a commercial spaceflight participant: not your average astronaut. Aviat Space Environ Med 2006; 77: 475-484.

Federal Aviation Administration. 14 CFR Parts 401, 415, 431, 435, 440 and 460. Human Space Flight Requirements for Crew and Space Flight Participants; Final Rule. December 15, 2006.

National Research Council. A Risk Reduction Strategy for Human Exploration of Space: A Review of NASA's Bioastronautics Roadmap (2006).

McDonald PV, Vanderploeg J, Smart K, Hamilton D. AST Commercial Human Space Flight Participant Biomedical Data Collection. February 1, 2007.

Barr YR, Bacal K, Jones JA, Hamilton DR. Breast cancer and spaceflight: risk and management. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007; 78(4 Suppl):A26-37.

Boyd JL, Du B, Vaksman Z, et al. Relative bioavailability of scopolamine dosage forms and interaction with dextroamphetamine. J Gravit Physiol. 2007;14:P107-8.

Bogomolov VV, Castrucci F, Comtois JM. International Space Station medical standards and certification for space flight participants. Aviat Space Environ Med 2007; 78: 1162-9.

Burgess C, Dubbs C. Animals in Space: From Research Rockets to the Space Shuttle. Springer-Praxis, 2007. ISBN-13: 9780387360539.

Morey-Holton ER, Hill EL, Souza KA. 
Animals and spaceflight: From survival to understanding. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact 2007; 7: 17-25.

Federal Aviation Administration. Commercial Human Spaceflight Crew Training Survey. February 2008.

Committee on the Review of the NASA Astrobiology Institute, National Research Council. Assessment of the NASA Astrobiology Institute (2008). Executive summary.

Committee on NASA's Research on Human Health Risks, Institute of Medicine. Review of NASA's Human Research Program Evidence Books: A Letter Report (2008). Executive summary.

Barratt MR, Pool SL (eds.) Principles of Clinical Medicine for Space Flight. New York: Springer Science + Business Media, LLC (2008). ISBN: 978-0-387-98842-9.

Davis JR, Johnson R, Stepanek J, Fogarty JA (eds.) Fundamentals of Aerospace Medicine, 4th Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (2008). ISBN-13: 978-0-7817-7466-6.

NASA Human Research Program, Health Human Countermeasures Program. Evidence Book: Risk of Therapeutic Failure Due to Ineffectiveness of Medication. March, 2008.

Hamilton DR, McDonald V. What medical support should commercial spaceflight companies provide at their launch and landing facilities? (abstract 325). Aviat Space and Environ Med 2008; 79: 283.

Tizard J, Vanderploeg JM. Demographics of initial group of commercial spaceflight participants (abstract 326). Aviat Space and Environ Med 2008; 79: 284.

Vanderploeg JM, Hamilton RJ, Tizard J. Medical clearance for G-training of commercial spaceflight participants (abstract 327). Aviat Space and Environ Med 2008; 79: 284.

Hamilton RJ, Vanderploeg JM, Tizard J, Leland R. G-tolerance in commericial spaceflight participants (abstract 328). Aviat Space and Environ Med 2008; 79: 284.

Antunano MJ. Risk factors for the crew and passengers of future commercial orbital space vehicles (abstract 412). Aviat Space and Environ Med 2008; 79: 303.

Ad hoc Committee of Members of the Space Medicine Association and the Society of NASA Flight Surgeons. Human health and performance for long-duration spaceflight. Aviat Space and Environ Med 2008; 79: 629-35.

Wickman L, Anderson G. Activity-Based Habitable Volume Estimating for Human Spaceflight Vehicles. IEEEAC paper #1098, Version 19, Revision j. Updated 2008:12:12.

National Research Council. Managing Space Radiation Risk in the New Era of Space Exploration (2008). 

International Academy of Astronautics Study Group. Medical Safety Considerations for Passengers on Short-Duration Commercial Orbital Spaceflights, 2009. (Petra Illig was a member of the IAA Committee and a coauthor of this statement.)

Ad Hoc Committee of the Aerospace Medical Association. Medical Certification for Pilots of Commercial Suborbital Spaceflights. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2009; 80: 824-6. (Petra Illig was a member of the Ad Hoc Committee and a coauthors of this statement.) Available on-line as proceedings from AsMA Executive Committee.

Ryan KL, Loeppky JA, Kilgore DE. A Forgotten Moment in Physiology: the Lovelace Women in Space Program (1960-1962). Adv Physiol Educ 2009; 33: 157-164.

Henwood B, Hamilton R. National Aerospace Training & Research Center.
Crew and Passenger Training for Spaceflight: or, how do you get them THERE from HERE? (2009).

Jennings RT, Garriott OK, Bogomolov VV, et al. The ISS Flight of Richard Garriott: a Template for Medicine and Science Investigation on Future Spaceflight Participant Missions. Aviat Space Environ Med 2010; 81: 133-135.

Jennings RT, Garriott OK, Bogomolov VV et al. Giant Hepatic Hemangioma and Cross-Fused Ectopic Kidney in a Spaceflight Participant. Aviat Space Environ Med 2010; 81: 136-140.

Jennings RT, Stepanek JP, Scott LR, et al. Frequent Premature Ventricular Contractions in and Orbital Spaceflight Participant. Aviat Space Environ Med 2010; 81: 597-601..

Stuster J. Behavioral Issues Associated with Long-Duration Space Missions: Review and Analysis of Astronaut Journals Experiment 01-E104 (Journals): Final Report. NASA/TM 2010-216130. Available online at:

Visual Impairment Intracranial Pressure Summit Report. Houston, TX: NASA Johnson Space Center; February 8-10, 2011.

Du B, Daniels VR, Vaksman Z, et al. Evaluation of Physical and Chemical Changes in Pharmaceuticals Flown on Space Missions. AAPS Journal 2011; 13: 299-308.

Carminati M, Griffith D, Campbell MR. Suborbital Commercial Human Spaceflight and Informed Consent. Aviat Space Environ Med 2011; 82: 144-6.

Campbell MR, Garbino A. History of suborbital spaceflight: medical and performance issues. Aviat Space Environ Med 2011; 82: 469-74.

Aerospace Medical Association Commercial Space Flight Working Group. Suborbital Commercial Space Flight Crewmember Medical Issues. Aviat Space Environ Med 2011; 82: 475-84.

Vakoch DA (ed.) Psychology of Space Exploration. NASA History Series SP-2011-4411. Available online July 2011 at:

Mader TH, Gibson CR, Pass AF et al. Optic disc edema, globe flattening, choroidal folds, and hyperopic shifts observed in astronauts after long-duration spaceflight. Opthalmology 2011; 118: 2058-2069.

Cucinotta FA,Chappell LJ. Updates to astronaut radiation limits: radiation risks for never-smokers. Radiat Res 2011; 176: 102-114.

Wotring VE. Evidence Report: Risk of Therapeutic Failure Due to Ineffectiveness of Medication. August 2, 2011. 

National Research Council. Recapturing a Future for Space Exploration: Life and Physical Sciences Research for a New Era (2011). 

NASA 2011. CHeCS (Crew Health Care Systems): International Space Station (ISS) medical hardware. Available from:

Law J, Vanderploeg J. An Emergency Medical Planning Guide for Commerical Spaceflight Events. Aviat Space Environ Med 2012; 83: 890-895.

Blue RS, Riccitello JM, Tizard J et al. Commercial Spaceflight Participant G-Force Tolerance During Centrifuge-Simulated Suborbital Flight. Aviat Space Environ Med 2012; 83: 929-934.

Center for Excellence for Commercial Space Transportation. Flight Crew Medical Standards and Spaceflight Participant Medical Acceptance Guidelines for Commercial Space Flight, June 30, 2012. Available online at:

Mermel LA. Infection Prevention and Control During Prolonged Human Space Travel. Clin Infect Dis. 2012. First published online: October 9, 2012.

Behnke BJ, Stabley JN, McCullough DJ et al. Effects of spaceflight and ground recovery on mesenteric artery and vein constrictor properties in mice. FASEB J 2012. Published ahead of print Oct 25, 2012.

Grenon MS, Saary J, Gray G et al. Can I take a spaceflight? Considerations for doctors. BMJ
2012.;345 (Published 13 December 2012).

Jenkins DR. Dressing for altitude:  U.S. Aviation Pressure Suits- Wiley Post to Space Shuttle. Washington, D.C.: NASA, 2012.

Cherry JD, Liu B, Frost JL et al. Galactic Cosmic Radiation Leads to Cognitive Impairment and increase A-beta Plaque Accumulation in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease.  PLoS One. 2012: 7: 1-10.

Kramer LA, Sargsyan AE, Hasan HM, et al. Orbital and intracranial effects of microgravity: findings at 3-T MR imaging. Radiology 2012; 263: 819-827.

Smith SM, Heer MA, Shackleford LC et al. Benefits for bone from resistance exercise and nutrition in long-duration spaceflight: Evidence from biochemistry and densitometry. J Bone Mineral Res. 2012; 27: 1896-1906.

Wotring VE. Space Pharmacology. Springer Briefs in Space Development, 2012.

National Research Council. Technical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation (2012.)

Basner M, Dinges DF, Mollicone D et al. Mars 520-d mission simulation reveals protracted crew hypokinesis and alternations of sleep duration and timing. PNAS 2013; January 8 (published on-line 7 January, 2013.)

Rakova N, Juttner K, Dahlmann A et al. Long-term spaceflight simulation reveals infradian rhythmicity in human Na+ balance. Cell Metabolism 2013; 17 (1): 125-131. 

Weaver AS, Zakrajsek AD, Lewandowski BE et al. Predicting Head Injury Risk During International Space Station Increments. Aviat Space Environ Med 2013; 84: 38-46.

Law J, Mathers CH, Fondy SRE et al. NASA's Human System Risk Management Approach and Its Applicability to Commercial Spaceflight. Aviat Space Environ Med 2013; 84: 68-73.

Murray DH, Pilmanis AA, Blue RS et al. Pathophysiology, Prevention, and Treatment of Ebullism. Aviat Space Environ Med 2013; 84: 89-96.

Darquenne C, Prisk GK. Particulate Deposition in the Human Lung Under Lunar Habitat Conditions. Aviat Space Environ Med 2013; 84: 190-195.

Komorowski M, Watkins SD, Lebuffe G, Clark JB. Potential Anesthesia Protocols for Space Exploration Missions. Aviat Space Environ Med 2013; 84: 226-233.

Blue RS, Law J, Norton S et al. Overview of Medical Operations for a Manned Stratospheric Balloon Flight. Aviat Space Environ Med 2013; 84: 237-241.

Doarn CR. An Historical Summary of Advisory Boards for Aerospace Medicine at NASA. Aviat Space Environ Med 2013; 84: 252-259.